Important ecological problems such as global warming, air pollution and lack of natural resources are growing day by day and the need to solve these problems increases every ten years. But scientists and various product manufacturers around the world are constantly developing new ways to save our planet.
We share 8 of these methods that can produce interesting and effective solutions. There’s also an interesting bonus at the end!
Plastic, which is one of the biggest sources of many ecological problems, causes significant damage to the oceans, animals and people. Recent research shows that 90% of edible sea salt contains microplastic particles. This means that people consume plastic while eating in their daily lives.
Considering this situation, scientists discovered how to produce edible plastic made from seaweed to prevent various diseases and environmental pollution. It is said to be safe for both animals and humans. Currently, there are two companies producing this type of plastic in Indonesia. They produce many plastic products, including cups, straws and bags, using this method.
Lighting for remote areas of the planet:
Another great project is to provide cost-effective street lighting to places without a systematic power supply. With the project called ‘Liter Of Lite’, light tubes are made by putting a small solar panel and a light-emitting diode inside used plastic bottles. This method is used in some countries such as Bangladesh, China, Dominican Republic.
Unpackaged toothpaste and shampoo:
Most of the care products are packed in packages. As such, we consume plastic along with most of the products we use at home. Some products, such as unpackaged shampoo drops called ‘Nohbo Drops’, aim to provide a solution to this situation. Each drop, about 2 inches in size, can be enough to wash any length of hair.
You can also buy toothpaste in tablet form without plastic packaging. According to a study conducted in the USA, more than one billion used toothpaste tubes are thrown away annually in the country.
Human excrement that can be turned into charcoal:
Many homes in some countries, such as Kenya, do not have a sewer system. In these countries, people make their excrement in pits they dig into the ground or in ponds and water reservoirs. This causes the anti-hygienic conditions to become even more advanced. The problem of cutting trees is also one of the biggest problems in the country. That’s because 8 out of 10 households in the country use charcoal for cooking.
To solve both problems, Sanivation company installs private toilets in homes and then turns human excrement into charcoal. In this way, measures can be taken against the spread of bacteria and natural resources can be protected. Heating the stools at 700 °C prevents the spread of bad odor.
Device that converts organic waste into biogas:
The device placed in the garden and converting organic waste into biogas is one of the interesting projects. After conversion, the gas travels through a pipe and goes to a burner (a device that allows the fuel to be fully combusted by mixing it with air in the appropriate ratio). It can then be used for cooking.
Smokeless stove and barbecue:
According to the World Health Organization, 4 million people die each year from diseases caused by the fumes of kerosene stoves from barbecues. It is hoped that this problem will be solved with the new wood stove, which significantly reduces the smoke emission.
Air-to-air carbon dioxide pumping devices:
The level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere continues to increase day by day. A company that Bill Gates has invested in pumps and recycles carbon dioxide to protect itself from the threat of global warming.
Toilet with double use of tap water:
Korean designer Jang Woo-Seok ensures that the sink water is used twice with the system he calls ‘eco bathroom’. There are two water tanks in this system. Used in one, clean water accumulates in the other. Each tank has a separate handle and an LED light that shows how full the tank is. Thus, when the tank is filled with water from the sink, it can be used in the toilet.
Bonus: The ‘Great Green Wall’ in Africa
The ‘Great Green Wall’ is a project run by the African Union. The Sahara Desert continues to become more and more deserted every decade. Planting artificial trees can slow down further drying of the soil. The total length of the “wall” of trees will be approximately 5000 miles, and its width will be 10 miles. 15% of the planned tree planting has been completed.