Our title is sure that Hackintosh This has upset many of our readers who use macOS on their computers. But this can mean good as well as bad. In this article from Hackintosh, Apple SiliconWe will talk about processors and some of our predictions for the future.
Under normal circumstances, macOS are operating systems designed to run only on computers manufactured by Apple. Earlier PC/Windows For this reason, it was not possible to install it on our devices, which we call the platform. Hackintosh, on the other hand, can be said to have emerged as a method that allows using macOS on non-Apple computers.
Apple, which previously produced Mac devices with PowerPC processors developed by IBM, changed in 2006 and started to launch computers in Intel x86 architecture. So the PC/Windows platform and Apple’s new Macs basically ran the same command set. A group of developers then managed to run macOS on non-Apple computers with the help of bootloaders and various proprietary drivers.
From a legal point of view, macOS can only be used on official Mac computers, although Apple licensed the operating system to third-party computer manufacturers at the time Steve Jobs left the company, due to financial difficulties. However, since the company does not take any legal action against Hackintosh and does not stand up to the community, both those who make money from this business and people who like to deal with something have kept Hackintosh alive until today.
In fact, the answer lies indirectly in the initial phase of Hackintosh. Since PowerPC was no longer sufficient, Apple switched to Intel processors in its devices, and we said that as a result, Hackintosh appeared indirectly. Unfortunately, Intel could not cope with the heating problems in small CPUs during the 15 years it was preferred by Apple. In the competitive market where thinness, lightness and portability are most important, the Macbook brand was now known for its noise and temperature problems. Due to the high power consumption, it was not possible to produce devices with sufficient battery life. In the case of iPhones and iPads, where Apple uses its own chips, the situation was positively opposite. They were quiet, no fan noise and no heating.
apple, AMD While the company was expected to fill this gap on the Mac side with new generation and reasonable Ryzen processors, it decided to produce its own processor under the Silicon brand and preferred ARM as its architecture. The abandonment of the usual Intel x86 in the PC world and the shift to ARM, which is mainly used in mobile devices, caused confusion for many. Some said that Apple would fail to achieve the performance it sought with ARM processors, while others supported this radical change.
Apple M1 When it came out, it was seen that it was efficient in terms of heat, efficient in terms of power consumption, and quite great in terms of performance. However, since not all programs are compatible with the architecture used by this processor, an emulator called Rosetta 2 was developed to run programs written in accordance with the x86-x64 instruction set by Apple on ARM. At the same time, it has been announced that support will continue to be provided for a while for Macs with Intel processors sold before.
Currently, both Intel and Apple Silicon compatible versions of macOS are released, but no macOS versions and updates for Intel processors will be available once this support period is over. Hackintosh will have to disappear from that day on, because as we mentioned, our normal computers and devices with Apple Silicon processors use different instruction sets.
If you ask if it is not possible to use an emulator in the opposite way, as Apple does from x86-x64 to ARM, it is possible, but it is not worth it because of the performance difference and the thousands of problems that may occur. Developing such a solution can be said to be quite difficult.
The biggest reason why many people did not buy an Apple computer was that it offered poor performance for its price. Compared to the PC/Windows side, processors that most users would not prefer were used in Macs, often it was not even possible to install an external video card. Apple’s support for alternative hardware was also minimal.
On the laptop side, the situation was more disastrous, in the old models, soldered memory with very low speed and amount was preferred. You could not do this if these memories were corrupted or when you wanted to upgrade. Models with higher performance and memory with GBs were sold so expensive that they could make a difference of thousands of liras.
Naturally, it made more sense for people to buy a non-Apple computer and build a Mac on top of it with the support of independent developers. Hardware support, updates, custom images, and more, which Apple did not offer officially, were offered to users quite properly by Hackintosh communities.
Today, the situation is different. Apple’s ARM processors called Silicon and computers produced accordingly can meet all the needs of a Mac user. Less warming, longer battery life and higher performance compared to Intel processors, built-in GPU and thinness… We also talked about the M1 Macbook Pro, which we experienced for 3 months, in a video. Those who are interested can watch it below.
The only sad thing about the disappearance of Hackintosh is that many people will be deprived of macOS experience in the future, as not everyone can easily access Apple products in countries with very high exchange rates, like us. Computer enthusiasts or those who need macOS for special purposes, Technopat Social It was able to do so, thanks to the support offered by the communities, as in . However, as the development for x86-x64 architecture will stop soon, an era will come to an end, since no one will rewrite the ARM-oriented system without expecting anything in return for a different architecture.
After Apple broke the taboo that ARM would not provide sufficient performance in the computer industry, many companies, including Intel and Microsoft, turned their eyes to ARM. As Windows’ trials for the ARM architecture accelerated, Intel used an architecture called big.LITTLE, which uses a combination of general purpose and high performance cores in its 12th generation processors on the x86-x64 platform, as a result of inspiration.
Qualcomm bought a stake in ARM, Nvidia entered into a controversial acquisition process by the authorities to own the entire company. Although these agreements later broke down due to legal reasons, ARM’s current owner, Japanese Softbank, announced that it would put the company up for sale in 2023. Intel, on the other hand, seems to be one of the new aspirants due to its investments and approaches.
It has always been like this throughout history. An invention is first introduced, then competition enables it to develop and reach different points. Until today, x86-x64, namely AMD64 architecture, was seen as the only alternative for the PC world. Apple, on the other hand, managed to attract attention by revealing that ARM is both more advantageous and efficient in many respects.
Since we will not be able to reduce the transistor size below a certain limit in the coming years, we can say that there will be three alternatives in front of us to have higher performance computers. The first of these is quantum computers – which we have not seen a working example yet – will spread to our homes or if we still stay on x86-x64, we will be able to achieve high performance only with larger processors compared to current ones. As it will cause too much heat, it will not be possible to use it in many portable devices. Because warming = extra thickness. To reduce a heating device to its normal temperature level, you must have a relatively large cooling system.
Contrary to these situations, ARM is an unusual structure. Although it is still at a level that can be considered “raw” for its use in computers, we can see that it offers a very satisfactory performance along with low heating, in the M1, one of the biggest examples. Maybe in the future, if we all start using ARM, we will be able to use Hackintosh again because it is the same architecture, who knows?