Game addiction, which is on the agenda of the World Health Organization, has now been accepted as a disease with the name ‘Gaming Disorder’. Gaming disorder was recognized as a disease at the 72nd World Health Assembly, although critics felt there was not enough evidence to confirm this. Gaming disorder is listed in the 11th revision (ICD-11) of the National Classification of Diseases.
According to the World Health Organization, gaming disorder; It is defined as a persistent or repetitive pattern of gaming behavior that can be online or offline and includes the following topics:
- Loss of control over the game, such as starting the game, frequency, intensity, duration, ending the game
- Increased priority given to play over other interests and daily activities
- Continuing the game with the same frequency or increasing the frequency despite the negative consequences. This behavior can cause significant impairment in personal, family, social, educational, professional or other important areas of functioning.
The World Health Organization says that the gaming disorder described in ICD-11 should be diagnosed based on a behavioral pattern. According to the statement, attention is drawn to the fact that a person’s education and/or career may be damaged together with the family and social environment. Gaming disorder can cause significant problems in the life of the player in many other issues such as these.
The World Health Organization says that someone with a gaming disorder gives high priority to gaming over other activities, which can have negative consequences if left unchecked. In addition, these behaviors must continue for at least 12 months to be considered a gaming disorder.
The World Health Organization announced that the decision was made based on the available evidence and taking the opinions of various experts specialized in different fields. By defining this disorder, the World Health Organization predicts that healthcare professionals around the world will be more likely to recognize and treat people who are suffering from the problem.